Use of English/Keyword Transformation

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TASK

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Do not change the KEYWORD.

Diese Aufgabe ist am schwierigsten. Zuerst müssen beide Sätze analysiert werden. Wo ist der Unterschied zwischen beiden? In die Lücke müssen das unveränderte KEYWORD und andere Wörter (max. 5 Wörter) eingefügt werden.

1. Objekt wird zu Subjekt

→ ein Vergleich (comparisons)

→ Aktiv-Passiv-Umwandlung


2. ein Verb als KEYWORD

→ Signalwörter geben bestimmte Zeiten vor

→ verb / adjecktive + preposition(ing-form or to-infinitive?)

Reported Speech (Timeshift)


3. irgendein Wort

→ ist dies (Teil eines) Synonyms?


4. eine Konjunktion

→ der Satz muss umgestellt werden.

Interactive Excercises

Comparisons

TASK

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence,

using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and

five words, including the word given.

Do not change the KEYWORD.

1. Alfeld is bigger than Kucha.   THAN

   Kucha is smaller than() Alfeld.


2. Lauf is bigger than Hersbruck.   AS

   Hersbruck isn't as big as() Lauf.

1. Alfeld is bigger than Kucha.   THAN

   Kucha is smaller than() Alfeld.


2. Lauf is bigger than Hersbruck.   AS

   Hersbruck isn't as big as() Lauf.


3. Hersbruck is nicer than Lauf.     BEAUTIFUL

   Hersbruck is more beautiful than() Lauf.

4. English isn't as difficult as Maths.   LESS

   English is less difficult than() Maths.

3. Hersbruck is nicer than Lauf.     BEAUTIFUL

   Hersbruck is more beautiful than() Lauf.

4. English isn't as difficult as Maths.   LESS

   English is less difficult than() Maths.


5. My car isn't big enough for all of you.   TOO

   My car is too small () for all of you.

6. Do you and your brother have the same looks?    LIKE

   Does your brother look like() you?

5. My car isn't big enough for all of you.   TOO

   My car is too small () for all of you.

6. Do you and your brother have the same looks?    LIKE

   Does your brother look like() you?



7. Lauf isn’t as near as Henfenfeld.     AWAY

   Lauf is farther away than ()Henfenfeld.

7. Lauf isn’t as near) as Henfenfeld.     AWAY

   Lauf is farther away than ()Henfenfeld.

(Statt isn't lautet das Verb is → opposite von near far (away) unregelmäßige Steigerung!far, farther, further! im übertragenen Sinne further education


infinitive or gerund

TASK

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Do not change the KEYWORD.

a. I want to play football!    WAIT

   I can't wait to play() football!

b. Do you play football well?    GOOD

    Are you good at playing() football?

a. I want to play football!    (can't wait - nicht erwarten können, wollen nach wait kommt immer to-Infinitive!" WAIT)

   I can't wait to play() football!

b. Do you play football well?    (to be good at ... - in etwas gut sein synonym zu well aber mit Verb in ing-Form!" GOOD)

    Are you good at playing() football?


c. I am glad to play in the big match next week.     FORWARD

    I'm looking forward to playing() in the match next week.

d. I am planning to go to the next worldcup in Brazil.    THINK

    I think of going() to the next worldcup in Brazil.

c. I am glad to play in the big match next week.     ("Welche Kombination mit FORWARD gibt es? looking forward to + ...ing! Das "to" ist kein zu + Infinitiv sondern die Präposition bei:sich freuen auf …!" FORWARD)

    I'm looking forward to playing() in the match next week.

d. I am planning to go to the next worldcup in Brazil.    THINK

    I think of going() to the next worldcup in Brazil.


e. You shouldn't party so much but focus on your practice.    CONCENTRATE

    You must concentrate on practicing() more often.

f. "Are you interested in coming with me?"   KEEN

    Are you keen on coming() with me?

e. You shouldn't party so much but focus on your practice.    CONCENTRATE

    You must concentrate on practicing() more often.

f. "Are you interested in coming with me?"   ("to be keen on - to be enthusiastic about..." KEEN)

    Are you keen on coming() with me?


g. "Oh, my God! I would die, if I saw another football match!"   AFRAID

    She's afraid of seeing() another football match.

h. "Maybe I can ask my boss for a holiday".   ABOUT

    He was talking about asking() his boss for a holiday.

g. "Oh, my God! I would die, if I saw another football match!"   AFRAID

    She's afraid of seeing() another football match.

h. "Maybe I can ask my boss for a holiday".   ABOUT

    He was talking about asking() his boss for a holiday.


i. "I want to go surfing in California!"    DECIDED

    He decided to go() surfing in California.

k. Why do you want to take up a new hobby?     INTERESTED

    Why are you interested in taking() up a new hobby?.

i. "I want to go surfing in California!"    DECIDED

    He decided to go() surfing in California.

k. Why do you want to take up a new hobby?     INTERESTED

    Why are you interested in taking() up a new hobby?.


l. Going to California would be an unforgettable experience.   WORTH

    California would be worth going() to.

m. Did you manage to get in contact with the boss today?    GETTING

    Did you succeed in getting() in contact with the boss today?

l. Going to California would be an unforgettable experience.   WORTH

    California would be worth going() to.

m. Did you manage to get in contact with the boss today?    (manage to - etwas schaffen, gelingen aber hier muss eine Konstruktion mit ing-Form eingesetzt werden. Welches Synonym von manage?to succeed in ....ing!" GETTING)

    Did you succeed in getting() in contact with the boss today?


n. You can't bring food into this room.     (to suppose - vermuten, annehmen, voraussetzen be supposed to - sollen, eigentlich etw. tun müssen)SUPPOSED

    You are not supposed to bring() food into this room.

o. The clients demanded to stay in a first-class hotel.    (INSISTED)

    The clients insisted on staying() in a first-class hotel.

{{{1}}}


p. Suzanne was too excited to sleep.    THAT

   Suzanne was so excited that she could ()not sleep.


q. "I will complete the work only if you pay me 500 pounds extra," said Frank.    NOT

    "I will not finish working unless() you pay me 500 pounds extra," said Frank.

p. Suzanne was too excited to sleep.    THAT

   Suzanne was so excited that she could ()not sleep.


q. "I will complete the work only if you pay me 500 pounds extra," said Frank.    NOT

    "I will not finish working unless() you pay me 500 pounds extra," said Frank.


r. The thief ran past you so I'm sure you saw his face.    MUST

    The thief ran right past you so you must have seen ()his face.

s. The author wrote her latest novel while she was staying in Majorca.    (DURING)

   The author's latest novel was written during her () stay in Majorca.

r. The thief ran past you so I'm sure you saw his face.    MUST

    The thief ran right past you so you must have seen ()his face.

s. The author wrote her latest novel while she was staying in Majorca.    (DURING)

   The author's latest novel was written during her () stay in Majorca.


t. The meal we had in the restaurant was so nice.     SUCH

   It was such a nice() meal in the restaurant.

t. The meal we had in the restaurant was so nice.     SUCH    It was such a nice() meal in the restaurant.


How Lisa became a project manager

a. "Why don't you apply for the post of a project manager?"   (ENCOURAGED)

    Mr Dauphin encouraged ()Lisa to apply() for the job as a project manager.

b. "She wanted to have a successful career and knew how to use computers well."    GOOD

    She was self-confident, ambitious and good at using() computers.

c. If you get the job, you'll get better wages.     CHANCE

   This was Lisa's chance of getting() better wages.

{{{1}}}


d. She succeeded in writing a flawless CV and a good letter of application.   MANAGED

    She managed to write() a flawless CV and a good letter of application.

e. "I'll put on my new blue suit.     DECIDED

    When she was invited to an interview, she decided to put on() her blue suit.

f. "I'll just have a coffee now!"     STOPPED

    On her way to the interview she stopped to have() a coffee.

{{{1}}}


g. I'm nervous because I don't know what to answer.    NOT     She was nervous about not knowing() what to answer.

h. "Maybe someone else will get the job.     DANGER    There was always the danger of not getting () the job.

i."Why are you nervous. There's no reason."    REASON     But there was no reason for being () nervous. She got the job.

g. I'm nervous because I don't know what to answer.    NOT

    She was nervous about not knowing() what to answer.

h. "Maybe someone else will get the job.     DANGER    There was always the danger of not getting () the job.

i."Why are you nervous. There's no reason."    REASON

    But there was no reason for being () nervous. She got the job.


REPORTED SPEECH - die indirekte Rede

Beispielsatz Reported Speech "I told you I was sick!"

Mit der indirekten Rede berichten wir über etwas, das wir vorher gehört haben.

Steht das einleitende Verb im "Past Tense" (was bei solchen Berichten der Normalfall ist), so erfolgt beim Wechsel zur indirekten Rede eine Verschiebung der Zeitebene (TIMESHIFT).

Es wird über jemanden berichtet „I….“ -> He said he… (PERSPECTIVE SHIFT)
Hier findet ihr eine Übersicht!

TASK
Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.
Do not change the KEYWORD.

1. "Have you seen my gloves anywhere, Eric?" asked Mrs Noble.    (SEEN)

    Mrs Noble asked Eric if he had seen () her gloves anywhere.

2. "Will you come to the party with me?"   WHETHER
    He asked her whether she would come() to the party with him.

3. "I am so tired this night."     TIRED

    He said he was so tired that() night.

4. "Mary, have you ever been to New York City?".   BEEN

    He wanted to know if she had ever been () to New York City.

{{{1}}}


5. "My car isn't big enough for all of you."   CAR

    He said that his car was too() small for all of you.

6. " Was that you yesterday?   ME

    He wanted to know if thathad been me()the day before().

5. "My car isn't big enough for all of you."   CAR

    He said that his car was too() small for all of you.

6. " Was that you yesterday?   ME

    He wanted to know if thathad been me()the day before().


7. Where do you live?   WHERE

    He asked mewhere I lived().

7. Where do you live?   WHERE     He asked mewhere I lived().


synonyms & antonyms (same and opposite)

Datei:Syn 01.png
Synonyms Englisch

Wortschatz kann durch das Finden von Wörtern mit gleicher (Synonyme) oder gegensätzlicher Bedeutung (opposites) getestet werden.

Wenn einem kein passendes Synonym einfällt, kann man auch durch ein verneinten Gegensatz (doppelte Verneinung = +) auf die richtige Lösung kommen:

hardly ever

   =

nearly never

TASK

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Do not change the KEYWORD.

a. Robert has not had a job for two years.    OUT

   Robert has out of work () for two years.

b. I must tell them that I'm sorry because of all the mistakes.   FOR

   I must apologize for() all the mistakes.

c. "May I take this book, please?"    ALLOWED

   " Am I allowed to take() this book, please?".

d. My car doesn't run anymore.   BROKE

   My car broke down() yesterday.

a. Robert has not had a job for two years.    OUT

   Robert has out of work () for two years.

b. I must tell them that I'm sorry because of all the mistakes.   FOR

   I must apologize for() all the mistakes.

c. "May I take this book, please?"    ALLOWED

   " Am I allowed to take() this book, please?".

d. My car doesn't run anymore.   BROKE

   My car broke down() yesterday.


e. There are fewer jobs in the area than some years ago.   CUT

   The number of jobs has been cut down () in the last few years.

f. People think about going to Australia   DOWN

    Many people dream about starting a new life down under().

e. There are fewer jobs in the area than some years ago.   CUT

   The number of jobs has been cut down () in the last few years. (Signalwort für present perfect, da es bis heute andauert.)

f. People think about going to Australia   DOWN

    Many people dream about starting a new life down under().


g. Peter has never trouble with other people.   WELL

    Peter gets on well() with other people.

h. "Let me have a go now!"   OUT

    Let me try out() this game.

g. Peter has never trouble with other people.   WELL

    Peter gets on well() with other people.

h. "Let me have a go now!"   OUT

    Let me try out() this game.


i. "Enjoy your party!"   TIME

   " Have a good time() at your party."

j. The party lasted for hours    ON

    The party went on() for hours.

i. "Enjoy your party!"   TIME

   " Have a good time() at your party."

j. The party lasted for hours    ON

    The party went on() for hours.


k. Peter and Tom are quite similar.   COMMON

    Peter and Tom have much in common().

l. "Does Booby take good care of you?"   AFTER

    "Does Bobby look after() you well()".

k. Peter and Tom are quite similar.   COMMON

    Peter and Tom have much in common().

l. "Does Booby take good care of you?"   AFTER

    "Does Bobby look after() you well()".


See also


Weblinks