King Arthur/Word Families

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In English many words can be formed out of verbs. Words share the same suffixes or prefixes so that you can understand them if you see them in a text.

In English tests you have to form them actively.

Here is an Overview. (Don't learn them now!)

Interactive Exercises

verbs to nouns

Guess what the nouns of these words can be. (Red Line 3 Bayern, page 13)

to attack → a person who attacks is an attacker.

to build → a builder builds buildings and roads

to win → This is the winner - he can take all the winnings home.

people and professions with -er or -or

Sometimes you form nouns with -er, sometimes you need -or. Fill in:

protect, protector

defend, defender

attack, -er

If you win a match or a fight, you're the winner

A magician is a person who does magic.

An eletrician repairs your dishwasher and your lights.

Lancelot and Guinevere

Two is company and three is a crowd!

Percival and Merlin

Complete these sentences with words from the same word family.

0. IMPORTANCE     Being brave is very important as a knight.
1. INTERESTED       Percival showed interest() in the life of a knight.
2. TRUE             Knights aren’t allowed to lie – they must always say the truth() .
3. KILLER          Knights kill() each other in battle.
4. MAGIC         Merlin was a famous magician() with supernatural power.


Merlin - the greatest wizard

Complete these sentences with words from the same word family.

0. MAGICIAN     Even as a child Merlin was able to do magic.
1. KNOWLEDGE     It's well-known() that the Gallic druids knew many mysteries.
2. MORTAL            One day he tested a potion (=Trank) which made him immortal() .
3. DEATH          As others grew older and older he couldn't die().
4. CHOICE        In the end he chose() death as an end to his old age.