Age of Discovery/Mesa Verde
The Ancestral Puebloans were an ancient Native American culture that spanned the present-day Four Corners region of the United States.
They lived in a range of structures that included small family pit houses, larger structures to house clans, grand pueblos, and cliff-sited dwellings for defense. The Ancestral Puebloans possessed a complex network that stretched across the Colorado Plateau linking hundreds of communities and population centers. They held a distinct knowledge of celestial sciences that found form in their architecture. The kiva, a congregational space that was used chiefly for ceremonial purposes, was an integral part of this ancient people's community structure.
The Ancestral Puebloans vanished in the 13 century. The Navajo who came hundreds of years later into the area, used the name "Anasazi" meaning "enemy ancestors." The term was first applied to ruins of the Mesa Verde by Richard Wetherill, a rancher and trader who, in 1888–1889, was the first Anglo-American to explore the sites in that area. Wetherill knew and worked with Navajos and understood what the word meant.
Match the pictures and the names!
- nps.org: Ancestral Pueblo People of Mesa Verde
- cliffdwellingsmuseum.com: Agriculture and Other Food Sources