Adverbs

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Adverbien (engl. adverbs, lat. für zum Verb stehend) beschreiben Verben näher. Anders als im Deutschen unterscheiden sich Adverbien und Adjektive im Englischen an der Endung.


Stellung

A Ferrari is a fast   car .

Sebastian Vettel is a careful   driver .

Adjektive

  • beschreiben ein Nomen
  • stehen vor Nomen
  • stehen nach Artikeln (the, a - an, this, that)

At traffic lights he always stops   carefully.

In front of school he passes   slowly.

When he sees a little kid he drives   extremely   slowly.

Adverbien beschreiben Adjektive, Verben, Adverben. Adverbien der Art und Weise ...

  • stehen nach dem Verb (drive slowly, watch carefully)
  • stehen vor einem Adjektiv (extremely difficult, completely safe)


Achtung
Adverbien der Häufigkeit (adverbs of frequency) stehen im Englischen vor dem Verb.


Bildung

Die meisten Adverbien werden durch das Anhängen von -ly gebildet.

quick       → quickly

careful    → carefully

Ausnahmen

safe       → safely   (stummes -e fällt nicht weg)

gentle     → gently   (-ly ersetzt -le)

easy       → easily   (-y wird zu -i -ly)

fantastic → fantastically

Sonderformen

Achtung
Erläuterung einfügen. Matthias Scharwies (Diskussion) 05:48, 1. Okt. 2017 (CEST)


The girl was friendly - She answered in a friendly way.

Tim ran a good race. He ran well.

It was a fast race. They all cycled very fast.

I had to do some hard work. I had to work hard.

Pete is late again. He always arrives late.

daily, deep, early, far, free, high, left, long, near, right, straight, wrong

He hardly works. ≠ He works hard.

We walked near the school.Nearly 500 pupils go there.

He came late. ≠ He didn't come lately.

Interaktive Übungen

easy

1.Put the verbs into the gaps:

David is an excellent drummer. He plays excellently.

Tia is a perfect guitar player. She plays perfectly.

Their band "That's That" is a brilliant band.

They play brilliantly.

Now they meet regularly in their garage.

There they practise intensively. But their parents say they shouldn't play the music so loudly.

2. Here are some comments about a concert. Complete them with an adverb with -ly:

1. "The singer sang beautifully (beautiful), didn't she?"

2. "She began slowly (slow)."

3. "The band played too loudly (loud)."

4. "She remembered all the lyrics correctly (correct)."

5. "She smiled nicely (nice) to all listeners."

6. "She was dressed colourfully (colourful)."

-y wird zu i+ly

Put the adverbs into the gaps:

1. That smiley laughs happily (happy). That smiley watches sadly (sad).

2. This smiley smiles coolly (cool). That smiley shouts angrily (angry).

3. This smiley shouts loudly (loud). That smiley whispers quietly (quiet).

4. This smiley laughs nastily (nasty). That smiley smiles politely (polite).


Achtung
Smileys aus https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Smiley einbinden. Matthias Scharwies (Diskussion) 05:48, 1. Okt. 2017 (CEST)



2. How did they say it? Find out how these people said these things.

Write the adverbs into the gaps:

a. "What was that noise?" Becky said nervously (nervous).

b. "I got a good mark in German today," David said happily (happy).

c. The children laughed noisily (noisy).

d. "Don't make a noise, or you'll frighten that bird," Mr Burton said quietly (quiet).

e. "You've broken my model, you stupid idiot!" Daniel said angrily (angry).

f. "I'll never see my old school friends again," Becky said sadly (sad).

-al, -le

Put in the correct adverbs.

1. She sang very musically.

2. She dressed simply.

3. Are you sitting comfortably?

4. When he came back, he was radically changed.

5. I think the group plays terribly.

6. He started only some months ago. He learned fast.

7. He practised hard.

2. Write the adverbs into the gaps     Use -cally or -bly / -ply.

1. "Stop! Don't turn the radio on! You've got wet hands!" Mr Burton shouted automatically (automatic).2. You are simply (simple) the best! 3. They were waiting nervously (nervous). 4. They were sitting comfortably (comfortable). 5. They think the group plays terribly (terrible) .

Siehe auch