Adverbien (engl. adverbs, lat. für zum Verb stehend) beschreiben Verben näher. Anders als im Deutschen unterscheiden sich Adverbien und Adjektive im Englischen an der Endung.
Adverbs of manner
A Ferrari is a.
Sebastian Vettel is a.
- beschreiben ein Nomen
- stehen vor Nomen
- stehen nach Artikeln (the, a - an, this, that)
At traffic lights he always.
In front of schools he.
When he sees a little kid he.
Adverbien beschreiben Adjektive, Verben, Adverben.
Adverbien der Art und Weise (adverbs of manner) ...
- stehen nach dem Verb (drive slowly, watch carefully)
- stehen vor einem Adjektiv (extremely difficult, completely safe)
Die meisten Adverbien werden durch das Anhängen von -ly gebildet.
quick → quickly
careful → carefully
safe → safely (stummes -e fällt nicht weg)
gentle → gently (-ly ersetzt -le)
easy → easily (-y wird zu -i -ly)
fantastic → fantastically
Einige Adverbien haben keine regelmäßigen Formen:
Same forms: daily, deep, early, far, free, high, left, long, near, right, straight, wrong
An friendly kann kein weiteres -ly gehängt werden. Deshalb wird es umschrieben: in a friendly way
The girl was friendly - She answered in a friendly way.
Tim ran a good race. He ran well.
It was a fast race. They all cycled very fast.
I had to do some hard work. I had to work hard.
Pete is late again. He always arrives late.
|hard||hard||hardly = barely|
|near||near||nearly = almost|
|late||late||lately = recently|
He hardly works. ≠ He works hard.
We walked near the school. ≠ Nearly 500 pupils go there.
He came late. ≠ He didn't come lately.
1.Put the verbs into the gaps:
David is an excellent drummer. He plays excellently.
Tia is a perfect guitar player. She plays perfectly.
Their band is a brilliant band. They play brilliantly.
Now they meet regularly in their garage.
There they practise intensively. But their parents say they shouldn't play the music so loudly.
2. Here are some comments about a concert. Complete them with an adverb with -ly:
1. "The singer sang beautifully (beautiful), didn't she?"
2. "She began slowly (slow)."
3. "The band played too loudly (loud)."
4. "She remembered all the lyrics correctly (correct)."
5. "She smiled nicely (nice) to all listeners."
6. "She was dressed colourfully (colourful)."
-y wird zu i+ly
Put the adverbs into the gaps:
1. That smiley laughs happily (happy). That smiley watches sadly (sad).
2. This smiley smiles coolly (cool). That smiley shouts angrily (angry).
3. This smiley shouts loudly (loud). That smiley whispers quietly (quiet).
4. This smiley laughs nastily (nasty). That smiley smiles politely (polite).
2. How did they say it? Find out how these people said these things.
Write the adverbs into the gaps:
a. "What was that noise?" Becky said nervously (nervous).
b. "I got a good mark in German today," David said happily (happy).
c. The children laughed noisily (noisy).
d. "Don't make a noise, or you'll frighten that bird," Mr Burton said quietly (quiet).
e. "You've broken my model, you stupid idiot!" Daniel said angrily (angry).
f. "I'll never see my old school friends again," Becky said sadly (sad).
Put in the correct adverbs.
1. She sang very musically.
2. She dressed simply.
3. Are you sitting comfortably?
4. When he came back, he was radically changed.
5. I think the group plays terribly.
6. He started only some months ago. He learned fast.
7. He practised hard.
2. Write the adverbs into the gaps Use -cally or -bly / -ply.
1. "Stop! Don't turn the radio on! You've got wet hands!" Mr Burton shouted automatically (automatic).
2. You are simply (simple) the best!
3. They were waiting nervously (nervous).
4. They were sitting comfortably (comfortable).
5. They think the group plays terribly (terrible) .
- Englisch/Grammatik/Adverb or Adjective?
- Englisch/Grammatik/Adverb or Adjective - be, feel, look
- Englisch/Grammatik/Adverbs/Steigerung von Adverbien