Adverbs: Unterschied zwischen den Versionen

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== Adverbs of manner ==
 
== Adverbs of manner ==
=== Stellung ===
+
=== Adjektive ===
 
 
 
A Ferrari is a <span style="display: inline-block;background:tomato;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">fast</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightsalmon;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">car</span> .  
 
A Ferrari is a <span style="display: inline-block;background:tomato;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">fast</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightsalmon;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">car</span> .  
  
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* stehen nach Artikeln (the, a - an, this, that)   
 
* stehen nach Artikeln (the, a - an, this, that)   
  
 +
=== Adverbien ===
 
At traffic lights he always <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> stops</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">carefully</span>.
 
At traffic lights he always <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> stops</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">carefully</span>.
  
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When he sees a little kid he <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> drives</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">extremely </span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">slowly</span>.
 
When he sees a little kid he <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> drives</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">extremely </span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">slowly</span>.
  
'''Adverbien''' beschreiben Adjektive, Verben, Adverben. Adverbien der Art und Weise ...
+
'''Adverbien''' beschreiben Adjektive, Verben, Adverben.  
* stehen nach dem Verb (drive slowly, watch carefully)
 
* stehen vor einem Adjektiv (extremely difficult, completely safe)
 
  
{{Achtung|'''Ausnahme'''. [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverbs/Adverbs of Frequency|Adverbien der Häufigkeit]] ('''''adverbs of frequency''''') stehen im Englischen '''vor''' dem Verb.}}
+
Adverbien der '''Art und Weise''' ('''''adverbs of manner''''') ...
 +
* stehen nach dem Verb (drive ''slowly'', watch ''carefully'')
 +
* stehen vor einem Adjektiv (''extremely'' difficult, ''completely'' safe)
  
=== Bildung ===
+
{{Achtung|'''Ausnahme'''. [[Adverbs/Adverbs of Frequency|Adverbien der Häufigkeit]] ('''''adverbs of frequency''''') stehen im Englischen '''vor''' dem Verb.}}
Die meisten Adverbien werden durch das Anhängen von '''-ly''' gebildet.
 
  
quick &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; → quickly
 
  
careful &nbsp; &nbsp;→ carefully
+
{{Fortsetzung|
 +
weiter=Adverbs of Manner<br>(Bildung)|weiterlink=Adverbs/Adverbs of Manner|
 +
}}
  
==== Ausnahmen ====
+
{{Adverbs}}
 
 
safe &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; → safely &nbsp;  (stummes -e fällt nicht weg)
 
 
 
gentle &nbsp; &nbsp; → gently &nbsp; (-ly ersetzt -le)
 
 
 
easy &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; → easily &nbsp; (-y wird zu -i -ly)
 
 
 
fantastic → fantastically
 
 
 
==== Sonderformen ====
 
{{Achtung| Erläuterung einfügen. [[Benutzer:Matthias Scharwies|Matthias Scharwies]] ([[Benutzer Diskussion:Matthias Scharwies|Diskussion]]) 05:48, 1. Okt. 2017 (CEST)}}
 
''The girl was friendly - She answered in a friendly way.''
 
 
 
''Tim ran a good race. He ran well.''
 
 
 
'' It was a fast race. They all cycled very fast.''
 
 
 
''I had to do some hard work. I had to work hard.''
 
 
 
''Pete is late again. He always arrives late.''
 
 
 
daily, deep, early, far, free, high, left, long, near, right, straight, wrong
 
 
 
''He hardly works. ≠ He works hard.''
 
 
 
''We walked near the school.'' ≠ ''Nearly 500 pupils go there.''
 
 
 
''He came late. ≠ He didn't come lately.
 
 
 
== Interaktive Übungen ==
 
=== easy ===
 
1.Put the verbs into the gaps:
 
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">
 
David is an excellent drummer. He plays <em> excellently</em>.
 
 
 
Tia is a perfect guitar player. She plays <em> perfectly</em>.
 
 
 
Their band is a brilliant band. They play <em> brilliantly</em>.
 
 
 
Now they meet <em>regularly</em> in their garage.
 
 
 
There they practise <em> intensively</em>. But their parents say they shouldn't play the music so <em>loudly</em>.
 
</div>
 
 
 
2. Here are some comments about a concert. Complete them with an adverb with -ly:
 
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">
 
1. "The singer sang <em>beautifully (beautiful)</em>, didn't she?"
 
 
2. "She began <em> slowly (slow)</em>."
 
 
 
3. "The band played too <em>loudly (loud)</em>."
 
 
 
4. "She remembered all the lyrics <em>correctly (correct)</em>."
 
 
 
5. "She smiled <em>nicely (nice)</em> to all listeners."
 
 
 
6. "She was dressed <em>colourfully (colourful)</em>."
 
</div>
 
 
 
=== -y  wird zu i+ly ===
 
Put the adverbs into the gaps:
 
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">[[File:Face-blush.svg]] [[File:Face-sad.svg|right]]
 
1. That smiley laughs <em>happily</em> (happy). That smiley watches <em>sadly</em> (sad).
 
[[File:Emblem-extra-cool.svg]] [[File:Emblem-very-very-evil.svg|right]]
 
2. This smiley smiles <em>coolly</em> (cool). That smiley shouts <em>angrily</em> (angry).
 
 
 
3. This smiley shouts <em>loudly</em> (loud). That smiley whispers <em>quietly</em> (quiet).
 
[[File:Smiley_green_alien.svg]] [[File:Face-angel.svg|right]]
 
4. This smiley laughs <em>nastily </em> (nasty). That smiley smiles <em>politely</em> (polite).
 
 
 
</div>
 
  
 +
== Siehe auch ==
 +
* [[Building_up_a_word_pool/adverbs_and_adjectives#Adverbs_of_degree|Building up a word pool]] (Adverbs of degree)
  
 
2. How did they say it? Find out how these people said these things.
 
 
Write the adverbs into the gaps:
 
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">
 
a. "What was that noise?" Becky said <em>nervously (nervous)</em>.
 
 
b. "I got a good mark in German today," David said <em>happily (happy)</em>.
 
 
c. The children laughed <em> noisily (noisy)</em>.
 
 
d. "Don't make a noise, or you'll frighten that bird," Mr Burton said <em>quietly (quiet)</em>.
 
 
e. "You've broken my model, you stupid idiot!" Daniel said <em>angrily (angry)</em>.
 
 
f.  "I'll never see my old school friends again," Becky said <em>sadly (sad)</em>.
 
</div>
 
 
=== -al, -le ===
 
Put in the correct adverbs.
 
 
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">
 
1. She sang very <em> musically</em>.
 
 
2. She dressed <em> simply</em>.
 
 
3. Are you sitting <em> comfortably</em>?
 
 
4. When he came back, he was <em>radically</em> changed.
 
 
5. I think the group plays <em>terribly</em>.
 
 
6. He started only some months ago. He learned <em> fast</em>.
 
 
7. He practised <em> hard</em>.
 
</div>
 
 
2. Write the adverbs into the gaps &nbsp; &nbsp; Use -cally or -bly / -ply.
 
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">
 
1. "Stop! Don't turn the radio on! You've got wet hands!" Mr Burton shouted <em>automatically (automatic)</em>.
 
 
2. You are <em>simply (simple)</em> the best!
 
 
3. They were waiting <em>nervously (nervous)</em>.
 
 
4. They were sitting <em> comfortably (comfortable)</em>.
 
 
5. They think the group plays <em>terribly (terrible)</em> .
 
</div>
 
 
== Siehe auch ==
 
* [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverb or Adjective?]]
 
* [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverbs/Adverbs_of_Frequency]]
 
* [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverbs/Steigerung von Adverbien]]
 
  
 
[[Kategorie:Englisch]]
 
[[Kategorie:Englisch]]

Aktuelle Version vom 18. Februar 2021, 11:05 Uhr

Adverbien (engl. adverbs, lat. für zum Verb stehend) beschreiben Verben näher. Anders als im Deutschen unterscheiden sich Adverbien und Adjektive im Englischen an der Endung.

Adverbs of manner

Adjektive

A Ferrari is a fast   car .

Sebastian Vettel is a careful   driver .

Adjektive

  • beschreiben ein Nomen
  • stehen vor Nomen
  • stehen nach Artikeln (the, a - an, this, that)

Adverbien

At traffic lights he always stops   carefully.

In front of schools he passes   slowly.

When he sees a little kid he drives   extremely   slowly.

Adverbien beschreiben Adjektive, Verben, Adverben.

Adverbien der Art und Weise (adverbs of manner) ...

  • stehen nach dem Verb (drive slowly, watch carefully)
  • stehen vor einem Adjektiv (extremely difficult, completely safe)


Achtung
Ausnahme. Adverbien der Häufigkeit (adverbs of frequency) stehen im Englischen vor dem Verb.



Siehe auch