Englisch/Grammatik/Adverbs

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Adverbien (engl. adverbs, lat. für zum Verb stehend) beschreiben Verben näher. Anders als im Deutschen unterscheiden sich Adverbien und Adjektive im Englischen an der Endung.

Adverbs of manner

Stellung

Adjektive

A Ferrari is a fast   car .

Sebastian Vettel is a careful   driver .

Adjektive

  • beschreiben ein Nomen
  • stehen vor Nomen
  • stehen nach Artikeln (the, a - an, this, that)

Adverbien

At traffic lights he always stops   carefully.

In front of schools he passes   slowly.

When he sees a little kid he drives   extremely   slowly.

Adverbien beschreiben Adjektive, Verben, Adverben.

Adverbien der Art und Weise (adverbs of manner) ...

  • stehen nach dem Verb (drive slowly, watch carefully)
  • stehen vor einem Adjektiv (extremely difficult, completely safe)


Achtung
Ausnahme. Adverbien der Häufigkeit (adverbs of frequency) stehen im Englischen vor dem Verb.


Bildung

Die meisten Adverbien werden durch das Anhängen von -ly gebildet.

quick       → quickly

careful    → carefully

Ausnahmen

safe       → safely   (stummes -e fällt nicht weg)

gentle     → gently   (-ly ersetzt -le)

easy       → easily   (-y wird zu -i -ly)

fantastic → fantastically

Sonderformen

Einige Adverbien haben keine regelmäßigen Formen:

adjective adverb
good well
fast fast
hard hard
loud loud / loudly

Same forms: daily, deep, early, far, free, high, left, long, near, right, straight, wrong

An friendly kann kein weiteres -ly gehängt werden. Deshalb wird es umschrieben: in a friendly way

The girl was friendly - She answered in a friendly way.

Tim ran a good race. He ran well.

It was a fast race. They all cycled very fast.

I had to do some hard work. I had to work hard.

Pete is late again. He always arrives late.

adjective adverb
hard hard hardly = barely
near near nearly = almost
late late lately = recently

He hardly works. ≠ He works hard.

We walked near the school.Nearly 500 pupils go there.

He came late. ≠ He didn't come lately.

Interaktive Übungen

easy

1.Put the verbs into the gaps:

David is an excellent drummer. He plays excellently.

Tia is a perfect guitar player. She plays perfectly.

Their band is a brilliant band. They play brilliantly.

Now they meet regularly in their garage.

There they practise intensively. But their parents say they shouldn't play the music so loudly.

2. Here are some comments about a concert. Complete them with an adverb with -ly:

1. "The singer sang beautifully (beautiful), didn't she?"

2. "She began slowly (slow)."

3. "The band played too loudly (loud)."

4. "She remembered all the lyrics correctly (correct)."

5. "She smiled nicely (nice) to all listeners."

6. "She was dressed colourfully (colourful)."

-y wird zu i+ly

Put the adverbs into the gaps:

Face-blush.svg
Face-sad.svg

1. That smiley laughs happily (happy). That smiley watches sadly (sad).

Emblem-extra-cool.svg
Emblem-very-very-evil.svg

2. This smiley smiles coolly (cool). That smiley shouts angrily (angry).

3. This smiley shouts loudly (loud). That smiley whispers quietly (quiet).

Smiley green alien.svg
Face-angel.svg

4. This smiley laughs nastily (nasty). That smiley smiles politely (polite).


2. How did they say it? Find out how these people said these things.

Write the adverbs into the gaps:

a. "What was that noise?" Becky said nervously (nervous).

b. "I got a good mark in German today," David said happily (happy).

c. The children laughed noisily (noisy).

d. "Don't make a noise, or you'll frighten that bird," Mr Burton said quietly (quiet).

e. "You've broken my model, you stupid idiot!" Daniel said angrily (angry).

f. "I'll never see my old school friends again," Becky said sadly (sad).

-al, -le

Put in the correct adverbs.

1. She sang very musically.

2. She dressed simply.

3. Are you sitting comfortably?

4. When he came back, he was radically changed.

5. I think the group plays terribly.

6. He started only some months ago. He learned fast.

7. He practised hard.

2. Write the adverbs into the gaps     Use -cally or -bly / -ply.

1. "Stop! Don't turn the radio on! You've got wet hands!" Mr Burton shouted automatically (automatic).

2. You are simply (simple) the best!

3. They were waiting nervously (nervous).

4. They were sitting comfortably (comfortable).

5. They think the group plays terribly (terrible) .


Siehe auch