King Arthur/Relatives

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Wenn Du etwas näher erklären willst, kannst du einen Relativsatz verwenden. Er wird innerhalb des Satzes eingeschoben und durch ein Relativpronomen (Relative Pronoun) eingeleitet:

Lancelot lived in Camelot. Lancelot is a knight.

Lancelot   who lived in Camelot   is a knight.

Relativsätze werden mit den Pronomen who (bei Personen), bzw. which (bei Sachen) gebildet. Die Word Order S - V - O gilt auch im Relativsatz.

See also: relative pronouns

Interactive exercises

Definitions - Names and Places

Move the words into the gaps:

1. King Arthur is a king who lived in the 4th or 5th century and whose sword 'Excalibur' could do magic.
2. He had a famous sword which was called 'Excalibur'.
3. He had found it in a stone where Merlin who was a magician had put it.
4. Arthur who was just a boy was the only one able to pull it out of the stone.
5. After Arthur had become king he lived in Camelot which is a legendary castle somewhere on the west coast.
6. There he held parties at his Round Table where all of his knights took part.

The Holy Grail

Put in who, which, whose or where.

1. The knights of the 'Round Table' who() followed Arthur everywhere often went on 'Quests.
2. One of these adventures was about saving young girls from dragons which() still existed then.
3. An old man whose() daughter was missing asked the knights to look for her.
4. In the 'Quest for the Holy Grail' the knights were looking for a cup which() had belonged to Jesus.
5. The owner of the Holy Grail whose() power was extraordinary would live forever!
6. This quest was, however, not successful and the place where() the Grail is hidden has never been found.

1. The knights of the 'Round Table' who() followed Arthur everywhere often went on 'Quests.

2. One of these adventures was about saving young girls from dragons which() still existed then.

3. An old man whose() daughter was missing asked the knights to look for her.

4. In the 'Quest for the Holy Grail' the knights were looking for a cup which() had belonged to Jesus.

5. The owner of the Holy Grail whose() power was extraordinary would live forever!

6. This quest was, however, not successful and the place where() the Grail is hidden has never been found.


Contact Clauses

Contact clauses sind Relativsätze, in denen man das Relativpronomen einfach weglassen kann:

The sword   which Arthur took out of the stone   became king.
Look! Here’s Arthur   who the Britons accepted as their king.


Achtung
  • Folgt nach who/which/that ein Name, Nomen oder ein Pronomen, darf man das Relativpronomen weglassen.
  • Folgt nach who/which/that ein Verb, ist das Relativpronomen notwendig!



Camelot

Move the words into the gaps. If no relative pronoun is necessary, use Ø!

1. No one knows the location of Camelot which was Arthur famous legendary castle.
2. It was a place Ø people have never found and won't probably never discover.
3. The castle which was on an island off the coast could only be reached on a dangerous bridge.
4. In the great hall there was a table Ø Arthur had built himself.
5. This table whose diameter (=Umfang) had space for 144 knights showed that all knights had the same rights.
6. Lancelot was the knight Ø Guinivere who was Arthur's wife liked best.


more Contact Clauses - Exercises