Adverbs: Unterschied zwischen den Versionen

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Adverbien (engl. '''''adverbs''''', lat. für ''zum Verb stehend'') beschreiben Verben näher. Anders als im Deutschen unterscheiden sich Adverbien und Adjektive im Englischen an der [[#Bildung|Endung]].
 
Adverbien (engl. '''''adverbs''''', lat. für ''zum Verb stehend'') beschreiben Verben näher. Anders als im Deutschen unterscheiden sich Adverbien und Adjektive im Englischen an der [[#Bildung|Endung]].
  
 
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== Adverbs of manner ==
== Stellung ==
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=== Stellung ===
  
 
A Ferrari is a <span style="display: inline-block;background:tomato;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">fast</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightsalmon;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">car</span> .  
 
A Ferrari is a <span style="display: inline-block;background:tomato;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">fast</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightsalmon;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">car</span> .  
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At traffic lights he always <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> stops</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">carefully</span>.
 
At traffic lights he always <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> stops</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">carefully</span>.
  
In front of school he <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> passes</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">slowly</span>.
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In front of schools he <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> passes</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">slowly</span>.
  
 
When he sees a little kid he <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> drives</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">extremely </span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">slowly</span>.
 
When he sees a little kid he <span style="display: inline-block;background:lightyellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;"> drives</span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">extremely </span> &nbsp; <span style="display: inline-block;background:yellow;padding:0.2em 0.5em;border-radius:0.2em;text-align: center;width: 5em;">slowly</span>.
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* stehen vor einem Adjektiv (extremely difficult, completely safe)
 
* stehen vor einem Adjektiv (extremely difficult, completely safe)
  
{{Achtung|[[Englisch/Grammatik/Word Order#H.C3.A4ufigkeitsadverbien|Adverbien der Häufigkeit]] ('''''adverbs of frequency''''') stehen im Englischen '''vor''' dem Verb.}}
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{{Achtung|'''Ausnahme''''. [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverbs/Adverbs of Frequency|Adverbien der Häufigkeit]] ('''''adverbs of frequency''''') stehen im Englischen '''vor''' dem Verb.}}
  
== Bildung ==
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=== Bildung ===
 
Die meisten Adverbien werden durch das Anhängen von '''-ly''' gebildet.
 
Die meisten Adverbien werden durch das Anhängen von '''-ly''' gebildet.
  
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careful &nbsp; &nbsp;→ carefully  
 
careful &nbsp; &nbsp;→ carefully  
  
=== Ausnahmen ===
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==== Ausnahmen ====
  
 
safe &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; → safely &nbsp;  (stummes -e fällt nicht weg)
 
safe &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; → safely &nbsp;  (stummes -e fällt nicht weg)
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fantastic → fantastically
 
fantastic → fantastically
  
=== Sonderformen ===
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==== Sonderformen ====
 
{{Achtung| Erläuterung einfügen. [[Benutzer:Matthias Scharwies|Matthias Scharwies]] ([[Benutzer Diskussion:Matthias Scharwies|Diskussion]]) 05:48, 1. Okt. 2017 (CEST)}}
 
{{Achtung| Erläuterung einfügen. [[Benutzer:Matthias Scharwies|Matthias Scharwies]] ([[Benutzer Diskussion:Matthias Scharwies|Diskussion]]) 05:48, 1. Okt. 2017 (CEST)}}
 
''The girl was friendly - She answered in a friendly way.''
 
''The girl was friendly - She answered in a friendly way.''
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Tia is a perfect guitar player. She plays <em> perfectly</em>.
 
Tia is a perfect guitar player. She plays <em> perfectly</em>.
  
Their band "That's That" is a brilliant band.
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Their band is a brilliant band. They play <em> brilliantly</em>.
 
 
They play <em> brilliantly</em>.
 
  
 
Now they meet <em>regularly</em> in their garage.
 
Now they meet <em>regularly</em> in their garage.
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=== -y  wird zu i+ly ===
 
=== -y  wird zu i+ly ===
 
Put the adverbs into the gaps:
 
Put the adverbs into the gaps:
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">
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<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">[[File:Face-blush.svg]] [[File:Face-sad.svg|right]]
 
1. That smiley laughs <em>happily</em> (happy). That smiley watches <em>sadly</em> (sad).
 
1. That smiley laughs <em>happily</em> (happy). That smiley watches <em>sadly</em> (sad).
 
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[[File:Emblem-extra-cool.svg]] [[File:Emblem-very-very-evil.svg|right]]
 
2. This smiley smiles <em>coolly</em> (cool). That smiley shouts <em>angrily</em> (angry).
 
2. This smiley smiles <em>coolly</em> (cool). That smiley shouts <em>angrily</em> (angry).
  
 
3. This smiley shouts <em>loudly</em> (loud). That smiley whispers <em>quietly</em> (quiet).
 
3. This smiley shouts <em>loudly</em> (loud). That smiley whispers <em>quietly</em> (quiet).
 
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[[File:Smiley_green_alien.svg]] [[File:Face-angel.svg|right]]
 
4. This smiley laughs <em>nastily </em> (nasty). That smiley smiles <em>politely</em> (polite).
 
4. This smiley laughs <em>nastily </em> (nasty). That smiley smiles <em>politely</em> (polite).
  
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
{{Achtung| Smileys aus https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Smiley einbinden. [[Benutzer:Matthias Scharwies|Matthias Scharwies]] ([[Benutzer Diskussion:Matthias Scharwies|Diskussion]]) 05:48, 1. Okt. 2017 (CEST)}}
 
  
  
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2. Write the adverbs into the gaps &nbsp; &nbsp; Use -cally or -bly / -ply.
 
2. Write the adverbs into the gaps &nbsp; &nbsp; Use -cally or -bly / -ply.
 
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">
 
<div class="lueckentext-quiz" lang="en">
1. "Stop! Don't turn the radio on! You've got wet hands!" Mr Burton shouted <em>automatically (automatic)</em>.2. You are <em>simply (simple)</em> the best!
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1. "Stop! Don't turn the radio on! You've got wet hands!" Mr Burton shouted <em>automatically (automatic)</em>.
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2. You are <em>simply (simple)</em> the best!
 +
 
 
3. They were waiting <em>nervously (nervous)</em>.
 
3. They were waiting <em>nervously (nervous)</em>.
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4. They were sitting <em> comfortably (comfortable)</em>.
 
4. They were sitting <em> comfortably (comfortable)</em>.
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5. They think the group plays <em>terribly (terrible)</em> .
 
5. They think the group plays <em>terribly (terrible)</em> .
 
</div>
 
</div>
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== Siehe auch ==
 
== Siehe auch ==
 
* [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverb or Adjective?]]
 
* [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverb or Adjective?]]
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* [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverbs/Adverbs_of_Frequency]]
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* [[Englisch/Grammatik/Adverbs/Steigerung von Adverbien]]
  
 
[[Kategorie:Englisch]]
 
[[Kategorie:Englisch]]

Version vom 27. November 2018, 23:48 Uhr

Adverbien (engl. adverbs, lat. für zum Verb stehend) beschreiben Verben näher. Anders als im Deutschen unterscheiden sich Adverbien und Adjektive im Englischen an der Endung.

Adverbs of manner

Stellung

A Ferrari is a fast   car .

Sebastian Vettel is a careful   driver .

Adjektive

  • beschreiben ein Nomen
  • stehen vor Nomen
  • stehen nach Artikeln (the, a - an, this, that)

At traffic lights he always stops   carefully.

In front of schools he passes   slowly.

When he sees a little kid he drives   extremely   slowly.

Adverbien beschreiben Adjektive, Verben, Adverben. Adverbien der Art und Weise ...

  • stehen nach dem Verb (drive slowly, watch carefully)
  • stehen vor einem Adjektiv (extremely difficult, completely safe)


Achtung
Ausnahme'. Adverbien der Häufigkeit (adverbs of frequency) stehen im Englischen vor dem Verb.


Bildung

Die meisten Adverbien werden durch das Anhängen von -ly gebildet.

quick       → quickly

careful    → carefully

Ausnahmen

safe       → safely   (stummes -e fällt nicht weg)

gentle     → gently   (-ly ersetzt -le)

easy       → easily   (-y wird zu -i -ly)

fantastic → fantastically

Sonderformen

Achtung
Erläuterung einfügen. Matthias Scharwies (Diskussion) 05:48, 1. Okt. 2017 (CEST)


The girl was friendly - She answered in a friendly way.

Tim ran a good race. He ran well.

It was a fast race. They all cycled very fast.

I had to do some hard work. I had to work hard.

Pete is late again. He always arrives late.

daily, deep, early, far, free, high, left, long, near, right, straight, wrong

He hardly works. ≠ He works hard.

We walked near the school.Nearly 500 pupils go there.

He came late. ≠ He didn't come lately.

Interaktive Übungen

easy

1.Put the verbs into the gaps:

David is an excellent drummer. He plays excellently.

Tia is a perfect guitar player. She plays perfectly.

Their band is a brilliant band. They play brilliantly.

Now they meet regularly in their garage.

There they practise intensively. But their parents say they shouldn't play the music so loudly.

2. Here are some comments about a concert. Complete them with an adverb with -ly:

1. "The singer sang beautifully (beautiful), didn't she?"

2. "She began slowly (slow)."

3. "The band played too loudly (loud)."

4. "She remembered all the lyrics correctly (correct)."

5. "She smiled nicely (nice) to all listeners."

6. "She was dressed colourfully (colourful)."

-y wird zu i+ly

Put the adverbs into the gaps:

Face-blush.svg
Face-sad.svg

1. That smiley laughs happily (happy). That smiley watches sadly (sad).

Emblem-extra-cool.svg
Emblem-very-very-evil.svg

2. This smiley smiles coolly (cool). That smiley shouts angrily (angry).

3. This smiley shouts loudly (loud). That smiley whispers quietly (quiet).

Smiley green alien.svg
Face-angel.svg

4. This smiley laughs nastily (nasty). That smiley smiles politely (polite).


2. How did they say it? Find out how these people said these things.

Write the adverbs into the gaps:

a. "What was that noise?" Becky said nervously (nervous).

b. "I got a good mark in German today," David said happily (happy).

c. The children laughed noisily (noisy).

d. "Don't make a noise, or you'll frighten that bird," Mr Burton said quietly (quiet).

e. "You've broken my model, you stupid idiot!" Daniel said angrily (angry).

f. "I'll never see my old school friends again," Becky said sadly (sad).

-al, -le

Put in the correct adverbs.

1. She sang very musically.

2. She dressed simply.

3. Are you sitting comfortably?

4. When he came back, he was radically changed.

5. I think the group plays terribly.

6. He started only some months ago. He learned fast.

7. He practised hard.

2. Write the adverbs into the gaps     Use -cally or -bly / -ply.

1. "Stop! Don't turn the radio on! You've got wet hands!" Mr Burton shouted automatically (automatic).

2. You are simply (simple) the best!

3. They were waiting nervously (nervous).

4. They were sitting comfortably (comfortable).

5. They think the group plays terribly (terrible) .

Siehe auch